Amanda majored in wildlife sciences with a minor in biology in the College of Natural Resources. She joined the Hopkins lab in the spring of 2009 working on a project examining the effects of dietary mercury on wood frogs. The following summer, as a FLeDGE participant, she assisted the wood duck project studying the effects of incubation temperature on stress hormones and locomotion.

Amanda began preparing for her senior thesis in the fall of 2009. Her thesis examined the trade offs between wound healing and thermoregulation mediated by incubation temperature in wood duck (Aix sponsa) ducklings.

Amanda graduated in the spring of 2011 and began working as a post-baccalaureate research fellow in the Hopkins lab. Her focus was wildlife physiology, particularly the endocrine system, maternal effects and temperature-dependent sex determination.

In 2012, Amanda accepted a PhD position with Dr. Rachel Bowden at Illinois State University. Her dissertation research seeks to understand how natural seasonal variation in estrogen levels can affect turtle hatchling sex determination (TSD). Understanding how estrogens interact with temperature to affect sex determination will enhance our understanding of TSD, and increase our ability to predict how reptiles may respond to climate change.

Amanda will defend her dissertation work in May 2017.

Email       CV (2017)


Published Work

Carter, A.W., T. D. Tuberville, R.T. Paitz, R.M. Bowden. Submitted. Sex ratios are substantially altered following a brief exposure to warm temperatures in a reptile. Submitted to Journal of Animal Ecology.

Zimmerman, L. M., A.W. Carter, L. A. Vogel, R.M. Bowden. Accepted. Immunocompetence in a long-lived ectothermic vertebrate is temperature dependent but shows no decline in older adults. Functional Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2435.12867

Carter, A.W., R.M. Bowden, R.T. Paitz. 2017. Seasonal sex ratio shifts are mediated by maternal estrogens and fluctuating incubation temperatures. Functional Ecology. 31 (4): 876-884

DuRant, S.E., W.A. Hopkins, L.T. Kirkpatrick, A.W. Carter, K. Navara, D.N. Hawley. 2016. Incubation temperature causes skewerd sex ratios in a precocial bird. Journal of Experimental Biology. 219 (13), 1961-1964

Carter, A.W., R.T. Paitz, K. M. McGhee, R.M. Bowden. 2016. Turtle hatchlings show behavioral types that are robust to environmental manipulations during development. Physiology & Behavior 155: 46-55.

Treidel, L.A., A.W. Carter, R.M. Bowden. 2016. Temperature experienced during incubation affects antioxidant capacity but not oxidative damage in hatchling red-eared slider turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans). Journal of Experimental Biology, 219 (4) 561-570

Bowden, R. M., A. W. Carter, R. T. Paitz. 2014. Constancy in an Inconstant World: Moving Beyond Constant Temperatures in the Study of Reptilian Incubation. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 54 (5), 830-840.

Carter, A. W., W.A. Hopkins, I.T. Moore, S.E. DuRant. 2014. The influence of incubation recess patterns on incubation period and hatchling traits in Wood Ducks (Aix sponsa). Journal of Avian Biology, 45 (3), 273-279.

DuRant, S.E., A. W. Carter, R. J. Denver, G. R. Hepp, and W.A. Hopkins. 2013. Is thyroid hormone an upstream mechanism for incubation temperature-induced phenotypes in birds? Biology Letters, 10 (1), 20130950. Featured on the Journal Cover 

Carter, A. W., S.E. DuRant, G.R. Hepp, W.A. Hopkins. 2013. Thermal challenge severity differentially influences wound healing in wood duck (Aix sponsa) ducklings. Journal of Experimental Zoology: Part A, 319 (7), 422-429.

DuRant, S.E., W.A. Hopkins, A. W. Carter, C. M. Stachowiak, and G.R. Hepp. 2013. Incubation conditions are more important in determining early thermoregulatory ability than post hatch resource conditions in a precocial bird. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 86, 410-420.

Adelman, J. S., Carter, A. W., Hopkins, W. A., & Hawley, D. M. 2013. Deposition of pathogenic Mycoplasma gallisepticum onto bird feeders: host pathology is more important than temperature-driven increases in food intake. Biology Letters, 9 (5), 20130594.

DuRant S. E., W. A. Hopkins, A. F. Wilson, and G. R. Hepp. 2012. Incubation temperature affects the metabolic cost of thermoregulation in a young precocial bird. Functional Ecology, 26 (2), 416-422

Hawley, D. M., DuRant, S. E., Wilson, A. F., Adelman, J. S. and Hopkins, W. A. 2012. Additive metabolic costs of thermoregulation and pathogen infection. Functional Ecology, 26 (3), 701-710.